3: Narrative

“Illustrators were encouraged to reflect on the ‘essence’ or underlying concept of a text rather than on literal passages. They were hired as translators of verbal ideas into visual ones, and therefore, became virtual ‘co-authors’ as integral to the page as the writers. Illustrators were discouraged from using universally recognised symbols (i.e., dollar signs, Uncle Sams, Flags) in favour of more personal icons drawn from the subconscious, which, in turn, invited the reader to interact with the art.”
Steven Heller 2000

Visual storytelling

Project 3.1 Frog in a Well (You are what you eat)

Research point: William Hogarth

Image and Text

Project 3.2 Once Upon a Time

Research point: Kafka metamorphosis

Research point: Book and magazine covers

Research point: Children’s illustration: Alice in Wonderland

Research point: Children’s illustration: Roald Dahl

Research point: Children’s illustration: Winnie the Pooh

Sequential Illustration

Project 3,3 Girl meets boy

Research point: comics, cartoons and graphic novels:

Dave McKean

Shaun Tan

Catherine Anyango

Tom Gould

Rachel Ball

Comix Creatrix


Yoshimoto Nara


Project 3.4a Flick books

Project 3.4b: Animal Farm

Research Point: Illustrators and animation

Research point: illusion

Edward Muybridge

Viewed but not written up:

Youri Norstein

Paco Roca: Wrinkles

Aleksandr Petrov: The Old Man and the Sea

Michel Ocelot: Kirikou and Tales of the Night

Jours d’Hiver: Kawamoto Kihachira, Ohi Fumio, Nomura Tatsuhoshi, Suzuki Shinichi etc from Jours d’Hiver

Raymond Briggs

Ghibli (many)

Corpse Bride

Assignment 3: A graphic short story