Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1450 – 1516) was a Netherlandish draughtsman and painter from Brabant. His work is known for its fantastic imagery, detailed landscapes, and illustrations of religious concepts and narratives, especially his macabre and nightmarish depictions of hell.
Bosch produced several triptychs, or three-part paintings, all known for their fantastical imagery, illustrating moral and religious stories or concepts. He did not paint in the typical Flemish style, and instead drew with his brush, and as such he is considered a revolutionary artist of his time, producing work in his own autonomous style. He is often seen as a proto-surrealist, and others try to determine a Freudian psychology from his images.
From an illustration perspective his drawings are particularly interesting with their strange monstrous creatures.