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5: Presentation: Zemni 2021 5: This England In Process Inspiration

Gerald Scarfe

To be developed using my notes and books from ‘Gerald Scarfe: Stage and Screen. House of Illustration exhibition February 2018.

 

Gerald Anthony Scarfe (b.1936) English caricaturist, illustrator for The New Yorker and editorial cartoonist for The Sunday Times. A former friend of the caricaturist Ralph Steadman, Scarfe was an early contributor to the scurrilous magazine Private Eye during the 1960s and 1970s, and also created illustrations for The Daily Sketch, The Evening Standard and Punch magazine. Later he produced caricatures for the credits of the famous satirical TV shows Yes Minister and Yes, Prime Minister, as well as a series of drawings expressing the heroic and heinous characteristics of famous Britons, including: Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, Winston Churchill, Agatha Christie, The Beatles and Diana, Princess of Wales.

What Shall We do Next

The Wall

 

Pink Floyd

Rude Britannia

Categories
4.1 Disrupting Stickworlds 6: Leading from Abstraction In Process

David Shrigley

http://davidshrigley.com/category/drawing-painting/

Examples of his cartoon animations

Talking about his work

Guardian article

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4.4 Changing Codes 6: Leading from Abstraction In Process

Abstract Animation

Oskar Wilhelm Fischinger (1900 – 1967) was a German-American abstract animator, filmmaker, and painter, notable for creating abstract musical animation many decades before the appearance of computer graphics and music videos. He created special effects for Fritz Lang’s 1929 Woman in the Moon, one of the first sci-fi rocket movies, and influenced Disney’s Fantasia. He made over 50 short films and painted around 800 canvases, many of which are in museums, galleries, and collections worldwide. Among his film works is Motion Painting No. 1 (1947), which is now listed on the National Film Registry of the U.S. Library of Congress.

Norman McLaren

An artist may be like someone who just hears music and then starts to dance

Norman McLaren (1914 – 1987) was a Scottish Canadian animator, director and producer known for his work for the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). He was a pioneer in a number of areas of animation and filmmaking, including hand-drawn animation, drawn-on-film animation, visual music, abstract film, pixilation and graphical sound.

Experiments in Motion

Tempo: The basics of perception of linear movement: Shows the animator’s table with camera, switch and frame counter. Calibration marks and muscle memory. And shows the difference in perceptions of movement through increasing the number of equal spaced moves of a cut-out circle going from A to B. The greater the number of moves, the slower the movement. We interprete this differently depending on our understanding of context eg whether we think the circle is a large sun moving fast or a small golf ball moving slowly. Ends with interesting abacus type comparison of movements at 1-1000 moves between A and B.

Synaesthesia and experiments in sound

Experimental animation

In this animation McLaren created the sounds through drawing on film. The tall vertical geometric shapes make it seem like a film about speed and impersonality of city life. Reminiscent of Mondrian paintings.

Short films

Cold war allegory. Story of two neighbours who kill each other in a fight about a flower that starts to grow along the fence between them.
A Chairy Story: Amusing story of a man trying to sit on a chair. The chair refuses to be sat on until the chair has sat on the man. metaphor for the importance of equality and politeness and not taking power for granted.

Walter Ruttman

Walter Ruttmann (28 December 1887 – 15 July 1941) was a German cinematographer and film director, and along with Hans Richter, Viking Eggeling and Oskar Fischinger was the most important German representative of abstract experimental film. He is best known for directing the semi-documentary ‘city symphony’ silent film Berlin: Symphony of a Metropolis. His audio montage Wochenende (1930) is considered a major contribution in the development of audio plays.

Categories
4.1 Disrupting Stickworlds 6: Leading from Abstraction In Process

Figures and Walk Cycles

Animation Steps
12 cel animation principles

from Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnson:
1)squash/stretch
2) anticipation and leading attention, can have multiple levels
3) Staging/exaggeration/sequencing to make things clear
4) straightahead/pose to pose drawing
5) Follow through and overlapping action
6) slow in slow out
7) arcs
8) secondary action
9) timing
10) exaggeration
11) solid drawing
12) appeal

Timing

Norman McClaren

Smooth versus flow

Difference between fluid animation and smooth animation:

  • Smooth is about the frame rate – how many new frames occur per second of animation.
  • Flow is about the gesture of the drawings, the arcs, the drag and follow through of a movement.

To get smooth animation, you just need to draw plenty of in-betweens until all of your animation is on 1s
Flow is more complex to get right than smooth.

Keyframing
Stick animation

See also Ross Bollinger: pencilmation

Howard Wimshurst

Animator Guild: https://www.animatorguild.com

issuu.com/laramoon/docs/f._thomas___o._johnston_-_the_illus

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4.2 Managing Big Ball 6: Leading from Abstraction In Process

Bouncing Balls

Types of Ball

Basic Physics

Animations

Jazza Adobe Animate motion tweened bouncing ball and curve path.
Aaron Blaise TPPaint Frame by Frame. Exaggerated squash and stretch. Keeps straight line from impact. Redraws up bounce instead of duolicating and reversing to stop things being mechanical.
Vasic ball as symbol and up and down motion with some squash ans stretch with constant volume.
3dgradient ball. Uses motion path, keyframes and squash, stretch, rotate for a more dynamic ball..

FramebyFrame. Uses a guide layer with main curved oaths and crosslines to mark position on each frame. Draws ease in ease out. With very exaggerated stretch and squash over several frames at the bottom. First bounce is faster, then bounces get slower.

Tv paint

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5: Presentation: Zemni 2021 forthcoming In Process

Yang Yong Liang

Yang Yongliang is a Chinese contemporary artist. As a young student, he studied traditional Chinese painting and calligraphy before attending the Shanghai Art & Design Academy, where he specialized in decoration and design beginning in 1996. (Wikipedia)

He produces very atmospheric animated digital paintings that overlay traditional Chines landscapes with modern day scenes.

website: http://www.yangyongliang.com/Works.html 

This website has good coverage of his videos and other work.

Relevance to my practice:

Stylistic inspiration for  3.2 The Bamboocutter

I had hoped to animate some of my images from Aldeburgh using similar techniques. This is now postponed to VisCom Level 3.