Categories
5: This England

Expressionist woodcuts

Moma Exhibiton

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Max Pechstein

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The earliest print technique, woodcut first appeared in China in the ninth century. Arriving in Europe around 1400, it was originally used for stamping designs onto fabrics, textiles, or playing cards. By the 16th century it had achieved the status of an important art form in the work of Albrecht Dürer and other Northern European artists.

During the first decade of the twentieth century German Expressionists sought to recover a German tradition and to register a thread of continuity with their late Gothic and Renaissance artistic heritage – taking inspiration from late Gothic artists like Durer, Baldung, Cranach, Altdorfer and Grunewald. It was in part a reaction against Impressionism’s emphasis on atmospherics and surface appearances, and against the rigidity of academic painting, stressing instead the emotional state of the artist, subject and also viewer. In addition to the Germanic tradition they were also inspired by Van Gogh, Munch, Gauguin, Cezanne and African and Oceanic art.

The use of the term Expressionism seems to date from around 1911, although the De Brucke movement had been established in 1905 and was holding exhibitions till 1913. Another movement: der Blaue Reiter was formed in 1911 as a loose collection of artists interested in abstraction. Other groups included the Berlin and Munich Secessions, the Red Group, the November Group and the New Artist’s Association. Among the publications were Der Sturm and Die Aktion. Many of these groups and publications had socialist of communist ideals.

They adopted woodcut as a primary artistic vehicle. Their starkly simplified woodcuts capitalized on the medium’s potential for bold, flat patterns and rough hewn effects. At the same time the flexibility of woodcut as a medium encouraged individual approaches and novel techniques from the Brücke’s vigorous cutting to the Blaue Reiter’s abstracted forms. They exploited the medium’s capacity to convey and disseminate innovative ideas, depicting wide ranging themes in a diversity of formats,  catering to different audiences.

A change occurred with World War I. The horror of the war and the chaotic years of the Weimar Republic (1919-33) led to introduction of a sharply satirical tone in the work of many of the artists. Many of the artists went on to join new movements like Dada and Neue Sachlichkeit and continued to work until well after World War II.

Sources:

Shane Weller ‘German Expressionist Woodcuts’ Dover Publications New York, 1994

MOMA Expressionist exhibition website

See also Wikipedia article on Expressionism

 

Categories
5: This England In Process

L S Lowry

source Wikipedia and Google images

Laurence Stephen Lowry (1 November 1887 – 23 February 1976) is famous for painting scenes of life in the industrial districts of North West England in the mid-20th century. Many of his drawings and paintings depict Pendlebury, Lancashire, where he lived and worked for more than 40 years, and also Salford and its surrounding areas.

He developed a distinctive style of painting urban landscapes peopled with human figures often referred to as “matchstick men”. He painted mysterious unpopulated landscapes, brooding portraits and the unpublished “marionette” works, which were only found after his death.

Going to Work

The Derelict House
Categories
5: This England In Process

Figure Sketching

Alphonso Dunn

Basic drawing

Gesture

Blocking in


Portrait

Hands and Feet



Categories
In Process

Fashion Illustration Techniques: Zoe Hong

A very thorough set of courses on Fashion Illustration

Using Croquis figures

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gX7uFHshHDk

Drawing figures: shapes and proportions

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XzD60RfgdfE

Drawing figures: fleshing it out

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YuW402qMU3Y

Different approaches: men and women

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JZxuGne2FIk

Female figures female

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HEqaB-657f8

Male figures

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OG5rnyhYAaI

Side figures: male

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3TpeMifEQ3U

Front view faces

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WeLjcJgR7zY

Different angles

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZuCDa7e7o4s

Multiple media

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k8Av7rVhoxQ

Hair

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oOSSefUjNrU

Hair: colour pencils

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCFb2TA7TCc

Different styles

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_H-wOr3XEHg

Media

Paints

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YhdA2sNw6n8

Fabric

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3yh2uapUw0k

Clothes

Wrap arounds

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JuSewX0F3Zg

Drapes and Folds

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dTyHwjxuyss

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k8Av7rVhoxQ